Hubble's Satellite Evidence

NASA's Hubble Telescope rocks the very foundation of the gas model

In The Beginning

According to NASA, recent Hubble images suggest that silicon and iron and neon and all the basic building blocks of the universe are ANCIENT compared to gas model predictions. This unexpected abundance of iron in the early universe was also recently confirmed by the Spitzer telescope as well.   The discovery of this much iron in the early universe, and the presence of such mature galactic structures at the dawn of the universe, significantly undermines the predictions and the usefulness of the gas model.  Quasars in the early universe also show significantly higher iron concentrations than our own sun.  This early abundance of iron strikes at the very foundation of the notion that the big bang began as an "explosive singularity".  It suggests an abundance of these heavier elements existed less than 1 billion years after the big bang or big "slam" or big "bloom" like an organized lotus blossom from a singularity.  The presence of iron and silicon in the early universe certainly calls into question the presumption that all matter originated from one singularity in one giant explosion as gas model theories suggest.

The Big Bang may have never have been an explosive singularity at all.  It may have simply been a collision of preexisting matter like a big "slam", not unlike a galaxy collision where some areas interact at the center and some areas do not interact as violently.  It may have been more like a big lotus blossom "bloom" from a highly organized singularity that released complete galaxies intact.  If either of these ideas turn out to be true, then we would expect to see iron and silicon in the early stages of the formation of this universe.  That seems to be exactly what has been revealed in the past few years thanks to Hubble and its discovery of ancient iron and ancient silicon.  Iron and silicon are far more abundant in the early stages of the formation of our universe than predicted by the gas model.  This revelation lays the gas model theories, and its key predictions to waste.

According to biological theories, the element of silicon is thought to be an alternative to carbon in it's ability to form the foundation for intelligent life.  Recent evidence from NASA's Spitzer Telescope suggest that hydrocarbons and all the basic building blocks of intelligent life were in abundance from the earliest stages of the universe.  As far as we can tell, all of the elements that support intelligent life have eternally existed and were present in the design from the very beginning.  There are very important and profound questions that must be asked and must be answered based upon these new 21st century images of our universe, especially in light of the abundance of the basic building blocks of intelligent life as far back in time as Hubble and Spitzer can see. 

Galaxy Collisions

Chandra adds a new and impressive set of images  to our investigation.  These images also call into question the predictions of the gas model.  Another devastating blow to the predictions of the gas model, and evidence to support the solid surface model comes to us from Harvard's analysis of Chandra data.

As they watch two galaxies collide, they used spectral analysis to isolate the most abundant elements released in these collisions.  Not surprisingly in a solid surface model of the sun, they found large quantities of IRON (no doubt from ferrite), magnesium, silicon and neon.  The red/orange areas of the top photo represent the iron released in these collisions.  The bottom images isolate the silicon and neon elements separately.  Note that every one of these elements is present in the data from the SERTS program as well, and the abundance of these specific elements fits perfectly with a solid surface model.

You'll note that this evidence directly conflicts with the gas model since the gas model theory insists that these colliding stars are iron poor.  If that were true, then the elements produced in hydrogen gas ball collisions would necessarily be more random in nature and would not contain such an abundance of very SPECIFIC elements, the very same elements we find in our own sun.

According the gas model theories, these collisions should be relatively iron poor interactions, and the elements created in these interactions should be more random in nature.  They certainly are NOT iron poor interactions.  They contain large quantities of very specific elements like iron, calcium, magnesium silicon, and neon, all of which should exist in much smaller quantities if the gas model was accurate.  It makes little sense to believe that "hydrogen balls" bump together randomly and mysteriously form massive amounts of the specific elements of iron, calcium, silicon and neon.  It makes a great deal more sense to believe that iron balls wrapped in calcium, silicon and neon slamming into one another will release lots of iron, calcium, silicon and neon in the ensuing chaos.  One also wonders how gas model theorists intend to explain the presence of THESE SPECIFIC elements, and ONLY these specific elements in such great abundance from such chaotic interactions.

Some other tantalizing clues from Harvard include rather impressive ferrite ion clouds circling black holes.   That makes perfect sense in solid calcium ferrite surface model, since these clouds would be composed of the crushed remnants of stars being swallowed by the black hole.

Chandra has also imaged iron, calcium and silicon layers in the supernova remnants of Cassiopeia A.  In these images we still find an expanding LAYER of ferrite iron that is clearly spherical.  This LAYER spans the width of this star remnant, suggesting that this layer was a iron surface that is now spread out as leftover remnants from the supernova explosion.  This iron emission activity is spread along an entire surface and obvious significant concentrations can be seen at the two and eight o'clock positions.  It also sees an expanding LAYER of calcium, beneath an expanding LAYER of silicon.  This is just like the arrangement of layers we see on our own sun.  There are definite patterns of layers emerging from the Chandra and Spitzer supernova data.  Since it still had a ferrite layer, a calcium layer, and a silicon layer, the explosion patterns we see in this supernova remnant his explosions matches the predicted patterns of a solid surface model.  It is very difficult to explain such specific layers in a hydrogen gas ball theory.  Why these specific layers? How come they formed such perfect spheres?  Why is there an abundance of these specific elements?

NASA's Chandra found vast quantities of iron and silicon in the supernova remnants of DEM L71.  It  reveals a hot inner cloud of glowing iron and silicon surrounded by an outer blast wave.  Again, this is entirely consistent with a solid surface model that is rich in silicon and iron.

The Spitzer spacecraft just provided us with more evidence to support such an idea.  These images provide compelling evidence to suggest that our sun has very specifically defined layers, namely ferrite, calcium and silicon.  Without enough neon, a star may simply overheat and go supernova.

Chandra has also witnessed ferrite ion emissions from the Capella binary system.  For a universe that is presumably iron poor, there sure are a lot of ferrite ion emissions recorded in the Chandra data.  Notice that the iron is not located in the CENTER of these stars, but around the SURFACE of these stars, as is the calcium as is the silicon.  In other words we do NOT see a little tiny speck in the center showing iron ferrite, but we see a whole SURFACE from these images.  That is certainly most visible in the silicon layer.

There is also evidence in Keplar's supernova remnants to suggest the presence of  iron, silicon and neon from that exploding sun.

The Math On Our Own Sun

Dr. Oliver Manuel's work on lunar samples and comet analysis also strongly suggests that our own sun is mostly made of iron as well as other very SPECIFIC elements.  His body of work in the field of nuclear chemistry is critically important and provides all the math and analysis necessary to support this model fully.   Dr. Manual has put together a very compelling case through nuclear chemistry to demonstrate that the sun is primarily composed of iron and other heavy elements.  He explains why the hydrogen model of the sun must be discarded based on a very detailed analysis of lunar soil samples and comets.  In recent months, many of Dr. Manuel's conclusions about our sun being composed of material from a supernova remnant  have been supported by direct evidence.   These visual results of an iron rich surface have been predicted via the field of nuclear chemistry for more than three decades!

Basic Methods To Demonstrate A Ferrite Surface Of The Sun Using SOHO Images

So now that we have all this evidence that suggests an abundance of silicon and iron in the early universe, as well as evidence suggesting an abundance of iron in our own sun, how might we apply this information and use this information to locate the ferrite layer of our own sun?  There are several ways to demonstrate the sun's ferrite surface using the raw EIT (marked DIT) images taken by SOHO.

One method relates to solar flares which occasionally "light up" the surface during the flare's discharge.  Just such a flare can be seen in the left side of the first grey photo of this page.  As it ignites, the surface can be seen and some of the sun's surface features become visible.

Another method relates to a special type of image processing called a "running difference" exposure.  This processing method resulted in a series of daily "snapshots" of the surface from October 5th-15th, 2004 taken about the same time everyday, and most recently at the end of May through early June of 2005.  This processing method provides us with an excellent opportunity to see the solid surface features of the sun MOVE from left to right as the sun rotates. 

Another method relates to matching up these flare snapshots and running difference images at intervals of 27.3 days, and lining up surface features from a previous rotation.  This process can be somewhat problematic since flares are rather random in nature and there is no guarantee there will be another flare snapshot that will conveniently occur exactly 27.3 days from the first one.  That idea also presupposes the notion that the surface of the sun hasn't changed much during that particular rotation cycle.  Depending on the sun's activity, and it's 11 year polar shift cycle, the surface can change rather dynamically over any given rotation cycle.  Since the sun is fairly dynamic, and constantly changing over time, this method requires a bit more patience and a bit more effort, and a whole lot of luck!

A more convincing method IMO involves the comparison of regularly timed "running difference images" and noting the rotation of surface features that move uniformly across the surface regardless of polar proximity.  These surface features are VERY consistent from one image to the next and rotate from left to right very uniformly with the sun's rotation.  That is only possible if there is a solid and stable surface to create such long lasting structures.

Perhaps the most impressive and fascinating video and photos that SOHO captures relate to "Sunquakes".  Surface fractures and sunquakes occur fairly often, both large and small.  These can result in absolutely massive coronal discharges. We were lucky enough to catch a fairly massive quake on this side of the sun in January of 2005.  To me, this particular video evidence is the most revealing and compelling of all and was instrumental in the formation of these theories.

These sunquakes can even result in massive shock waves and solar tsunamis that traverse the surface of the photosphere.  These shock waves can actually be seen "crashing into" surface features that are visible in surface "snapshots" taken just after the shockwave event.  This happened quite dramatically on May 13th, 2005.

These images present a serious challenge to gas model theorists because contrary to gas model expectations, these ferrite ions are coming from the WHOLE surface of the sun, not simple a marble like "core" in the center of a giant ball of gas.  In contrast to gas model predictions, these images of a rigid ferrite surface stick out like a giant sore thumb.  Gas models all suggest that only a little iron exists at the very core.  If that were true, we should only expect to see a marble sized "core" in the center, not an entire surface of ferrite!  These images suggest the entire sun is made of heavy metals, not hydrogen.  Hydrogen is simply the last layer of many layers that cover the metallic sun.  Calcium sits on the ferrite, silicon sits on the calcium.  If there is neon, it will sit on the silicon and light up the sky.  If no neon is present, you the sun is simply not "visible" to the naked eye.  Hydrogen and helium would simply be the "by products" of the electrical activity of the ferrite surface.  Hydrogen and helium are abundant only because of the calcium ferrite emissions that are seen in BBSO images.

Basic Methods To Demonstrate A Surface using TRACE  images

SOHO is only one of two satellites that are capable of imaging the ferrite layer of the sun.  The first gold image on the right  is a single snapshot from a movie of this layer that was created by the TRACE satellite using the same running difference imaging technique that SOHO uses.  The second and third gold photos on the right show close up images of the ferrite layer of the sun.  We can see the ferrite particles streaming through the silicon in this photo, as well as a nice crater looking object that remains consistent for over 2 and a half minutes, virtually an eternity in solar terms.

The European Space Agency also announced a recent discovery by Eckart Marsch and Chuanyi Tu that suggests that solar wind originates in coronal funnels that begin just underneath the surface of the visible photosphere.  In fact their work lends a great deal of support for the existence of an underlying ferrite layer that sits beneath the surface of the neon photosphere.  If we compare these moving funnels that ESA discovered with BBSO images of the calcium layer, we can see that the base of these funnels originate with the calcium ferrite interaction right near the ferrite surface.  It is the massive movement of ferrite particles within the calcium layer that create these tornado like coronal funnels.

Recent Observations In The News

It seems that we still know very little about the actual composition of our sun.  Scientists have recently been surprised to find an abundance of neon in stars and an abundance of neon in our our sun.  While this abundance of neon is certainly no surprise in a solid surface model, it demonstrates a relative weakness in the gas model theories.  These theories are based on a notion of a solar composition that is based on photon counts found in spectral analysis.  I am simply amazed that some are suggesting that "neon atoms in the sun give off no signatures in visible light".  I find that fascinating since neon plasma shines in virtually every office building in world in visible light just fine, and there is ample evidence of electrical activity on the sun.

Harvard: "This montage of Chandra images shows a pair of interacting galaxies known as The Antennae. Rich deposits of neon, magnesium, and silicon were discovered in the interstellar gas of this system."

An orange iron cloud surrounds the black hole, the only remaining remnants of countless ferrite surfaces sucked into the black hole

Chandra records the remnants of an expanding ferrite LAYER of Cassiopeia A that is not concentrated in the center of the star, but all along the surface, forming a spherical LAYER and pattern. 

The calcium layer is also expanding and spreading out along a clearly defined spherical pattern.

The silicon layer sits on top of the calcium layer. 

Chandra's enhanced view of the silicon emissions of Cassiopeia A

Chandra's view of the silicon ion emissions around the remnant of Cassiopeia A

NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory image (left panel) of the supernova remnant DEM L71 reveals a hot inner cloud (aqua) of glowing iron and silicon surrounded by an outer blast wave

Spitzer's view of the remnants of this exploded star seems to have everything that our star contains.

Composite image of Kepler's supernova remnants.

Chandra provides us with a view of the iron and nickel remnants of surpernova w49b

Chandra show an abundance of magnesium and iron from the remnants of surpernova n49b

NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory has captured a spectacular image of G292.0+1.8 which contains neon, magnesium, silicon and sulfur.  The article even talks about preexisting LAYERS.

This SOHO image of the  surface was backlit by a solar flare

Running difference image by SOHO at 195 angstroms

Running difference image by the TRACE satellite at 171 angstroms

These two photos, are both imaged by the TRACE spacecraft at 171 angstroms.  Notice the crater like structure and the streams of ferrite particles flowing through the silicon layer. Two and a half minutes elapse between these two photos and very little has changed.  In solar terms that is nearly an eternity.


ESA demonstrates that solar wind originates from within tornado like structures that are spawned by electromagnetic forces.

The Surface Of The Sun